How to create Virtual Environment in Python

A virtual environment is a tool that helps to keep dependencies required by different projects separate by creating isolated python virtual environments for them. This is one of the most important tools that most of the Python developers use.

So while working on new project always create separate virtual environment.

There are advantages to create separate virtual environment as follows

  1. Virtual Environment should be used whenever you work on any Python based project
  2. Virtual Environment creates a folder which contains all the necessary executables to use the packages that a Python project would need
  3. Easily keep track of dependencies
  4. If there are multiple projects and with different version of libraries required, You can go for separate virtual environment.
  5. You can prepare requirement.txt file at the end of development, that will helpful for deployment.

Install Python on local machine

You can download python from its official website https://www.python.org/downloads/

Once the Python installed on your machine, you can use PIP command to install libraries on your environment but before that you need to install libraries regarding virtual environment.

Install Libraries of virtual environment

  1. base package to mange virtual environment

pip install virtualenv

2. User friendly commands for managing environment

pip install virtualenvwrapper

3. for windows operating system

pip install virtualenvwrapper-win

Once above libraries install on machine, now you can set to create virtual environment.

  1. Making virtual environment

mkvirtualenv Env_Customer_Data_Analysis

2. To view list of all the virtual env for the current user

lsvirtualenv

3. To work on specific virtual environment

workon Env_Customer_Data_Analysis

4. Install libraries in selected virtual environment

pip install pandas

pip install numpy

5. To exit from virtual environment

deactivate

You will exit from current virtual environment

6. To remove virtual environment

rmvirtualenv Env_Customer_Data_Analysis

7. You can use this environment in jupyter notebook as shown below

It will use libraries installed on this virtual environment

8. How can setup virtual environment in Eclipse for Python development

In eclipse, go to Windows->Preferences -> Python Interepeter

Click on New to add Python interpreters

Click on browse and select below path of Python.exe from specific virtual environment and click open and OK

C:\Users\shedgep\Envs\Env_Customer_Data_Analysis\Scripts

It will add environment libraries path to SYSTEM path and then click OK to set the interpreter

9. Once the development is done, you can create requirement.txt file for dependencies and installed libraries using below command

pip freeze > requirements.txt

It will create file in c:\users\<current user> path

10. You can use requirement.txt file to deploy the specific libraries on other environment using pip

if requirement.txt file contains

numpy==1.19.1
pandas==1.1.0
python-dateutil==2.8.1
pytz==2020.1
six==1.15.0

run below command to deploy the libraries

pip install -r requirement.txt

This is the way you can setup virtual environment in python environment and use with different tools for development.

Cheers!!

Python Developer| Data Science

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